Some resources on racism in Latin America

Screenshot - 070720 - 11:46:38As mentioned in the article Estudios sobre el racismo en América Latina by María Dolores París Pombo, studies about racism in Latin America have only started to become prominent since the Eighties. París Pombo argues that this may have to do with the underlying “official” narrative, in some Latin American countries, that the mestizo (the person of combined Indigenous and European descent) and the mulato were the quintessential incarnations of national identities, chosen as such in an attempt to defend and differentiate those nations from the metropolis. For many Latin American intellectuals, racism was just a rare phenomenon. This is, of course, not truly the case and studies on racism (and also on endoracismo, the kind of unconscious and self-imposed racism that manifests as a rejection of your own identity and the undervaluation your own historical past, that has permeated in in several indigenous communities) have consolidated ever since but in different ways in different countries, depending on how they each are trying to come to terms, or not, with their own colonial historical memories and their current realities. 

The following works in Spanish and available online deal with racism in Latin America and the Caribbean from different perspectives:

Las_venas_abiertas_América_Latina

Raza_en_la_otra_AmericaBrazil is the country with the longest research tradition on race, racism and social inequalities. Unfortunately, we do not have a large selection of Brazilian material in digital format, but here are a few relevant titles available online:

We do, however, hold a lot of relevant Portuguese-language titles in print, and a good recent acquisition is Ardis da imagem : exclusão étnica e violência nos discursos da cultura brasileira / Edimilson de Almeida Pereira, Núbia Pereira de Magalhães Gomes.

We also have quite a few English-language titles dealing with race and racism in Brazil available online.

The Dominican Republic has also a long trajectory of exploring race and racism. You can check the online full texts in Spanish currently available here. Authors like Juan BoschTolentino Dipp (available only in print), Pedro Pérez Cabral (in print only too) y Franklin Franco are part of this long tradition.

Ecuador also has been part of this wave. Unfortunately, we have only a couple of resources available on the topic online:

Another country that has published extensively on its relations with race and racism is Colombia. Colombia happens to be also one of the countries which features generously on Digitalia, the platform for digital content in Spanish language Cambridge University Library subscribes to. You can see a full list here and a few titles worth of mention below:

Indios_negros_y_otros_indeseablesBelow, also a list of titles in English, some of them available to our readers online only during the COVID-19 crisis:

More resources on the topic can be found on the following open access portalsRed de Bibliotecas de Ciencias Sociales de America Latina y el Caribe and Libreria Latinoamericana y Caribena de Ciencias Sociales, both hosted by CLACSO, the Latin American Council of Social Sciences.

To look for resources on the topic in other Latin American countries, try a simple search on iDiscover using a combination of keywords: name of country, racism, race relations, decolonization, blacks, indians, etc..

Clara Panozzo and Christopher Greenberg

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