It is with great pleasure that the Italian Studies Library Group has announced that it will resume its series of annual lectures with a lecture at the Italian Cultural Institute on 10 March. The subject will be Claudio Pavone (1920-2016), an influential historian of the Italian Resistance. It was Pavone’s seminal study Una guerra civile, published by Bollati Boringhieri in 1991 (539:1.c.737.41), that changed the way Italian historians saw the Resistance against Fascism between 1943 and 1945. Until his work appeared, referring to the Resistance struggle in northern Italy as a ‘civil war’ was, if anything, seen as a sign of far-right sympathies and nostalgia for the days of Mussolini. In some ways, also, that interpretation of the struggle was an unwelcome reminder of the level of support Fascism had enjoyed among Italians. Continue reading
A lecture will be given on Monday 27th June, by Dr Donal Cooper of this university, on the Florence flood of 1966, entitled: From Deluge to the Digital: Fifty years of research and conservation in Florence since the 1966 flood. Dr Donal Cooper is University Lecturer in Italian Renaissance Art and a Fellow of Jesus College. His research focusses on sacred art and architecture in Italy from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries.
Certainly the worst flood in the city’s history for many hundreds of years, the flooding of the Arno on 4th November 1966 killed 101 people and damaged or destroyed a huge number of art treasures and rare books. After heavy rain, a mass of water from the Arno Valley reached Florence, flooding the narrow streets of the city. Highs of 6.7 metres were recorded in the Santa Croce area. As the rising water destroyed the central heating oil tanks in the city, oil mixed with the water and mud, causing even greater damage.
It is estimated that between 3 and 4 million books and manuscripts were damaged, as well as 14,000 movable works of art. Particularly affected were the collections of the Archives of the Opera del Duomo, the Biblioteca del Gabinetto Vieusseux, the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze and the Archivio di Stato. Art works damaged included the Crucifix by Giovanni Cimabue, the Gates of Paradise by Lorenzo Ghiberti and Magdalene Penitent by Donatello. Continue reading